Research

Journal Amirani. 2001. Volume 4

Animal-shaped buttons from the Aragvi valley (deer)

Author(s): Ketevan Ramishvili

Among the smaller artefacts found in the foothills and mountains of eastern Georgia, representations of deer are not uncommon. In the present article, deer figurines used as fibulae will be discussed. The artifacts are made of bronze, poured into moulds. The deer are depicted in right profile, with heads turned toward the viewer. On the basis of the number of turns of the antlers, these appear to be 5-6 year old bucks with large horns. The visible right side is presented in high relief, in a realistic manner as to the representation of bodily features and the effects of light and shadow. This gives the impression of a rounded sculpture, although only the right side of the animal is depicted. The left side is only sketchily worked, and is used to attach the needle of the fibula. The needle, made of iron as a rule, is attached to the rear leg, and closes against a hook attached to the front leg.



Journal Amirani. 2017. Volume 29

Gazi Kumukh Juma Mosque

Author(s): I.A. Kaiaev, A.I. Kaiaev

Stages of construction and functioning of medieval church architecture monument in Dagestan — Gazi-Kumukh Dzhuma-Mosque — are considered in the article. Authors refer to new data on newly revealed written sources in order to fi ll in the construction date of monument appeared in the VIII A. D.



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